Patient Story
Successful Spine surgery at We Care India partner hospital allows Henry Stolz to live a normal life despite a microendoscopic Decompression. We Care india helped Henry find best super specialised surgeon for his procedure.
Read : Robert's Story
See All : Success Stories
You may also like

Medical Tourism Guide

Spine Surgery Guide

Anatomy of Back Pain

In this section we discuss the anatomy of the human spine and what happens at a basic, structural, level when we experience back pain. There are many things that can go wrong with the spine, but, in essence, up to 98% of all back pain is either caused by, or directly linked to, compression – the term used to describe the spine when it becomes squashed, or shortened from its natural length. However, the spine isn’t a completely solid structure – if it were, it would be very difficult to compress. Instead, it’s made up of individual vertebrae, or units of bone, that are stacked on top of each other – joined, or linked, by facet joints. Ultimately, it’s the facet joints that become compressed and, as a result, the spine becomes squashed.

When this happens, we become stiff (a common symptom of back pain) because the joints aren’t able to move freely. In addition to this, the compression reduces the space between the vertebrae, which, in turn, leads to compression of the intervertebral discs – if the pressure becomes too great, the disc ruptures, a condition commonly referred to as a herniated, or slipped disc .
Looking for a free cost estimate for back surgery abroad – click here
Compression also causes the joints to rub together and, over time, they may become arthritic and painful (just like any other joint). Finally, due to the way in which the spinal cord exits the vertebral column (a structure also known as the spinal column), compression can lead to nerve-root entrapment, a condition which is extremely painful.

Like any other form of pain, though, back pain is ultimately caused by damage to the human nervous system – the nerves simply produce pain in response to a harmful event (thereby alerting the brain to the problem). But, because the nervous system is responsible for many other activities, the effects of facet joint compression are wide ranging – it can also lead to referred pain (e.g. sciatica ), organ dysfunction and various other effects (e.g. pins and needles ), as well as aggravating a whole host of bone conditions.

This section is designed to start at the beginning. We first examine the basic structure of the human spine, and then take a more detailed look at the individual vertebrae – what they look like and how they come together to form the spinal column. Next we look at the facet joints and explain how they lock the vertebrae together; we also examine what happens to the spine when they become compressed.

Finally – and we admit that things get slightly more complex at this point – we look at the human nervous system. We examine the nerves that exit the spinal column (and the brain), and divide the peripheral nervous system (PNS) into its various subcomponents. Next we discuss the function of the individual sub-systems, in terms of both sensory and motor components, and examine the symptoms of nerve-root compression.
Do you have your medical reports, send us now for a free quote – click here

For more information, medical assessment and medical quote
send your detailed medical history and medical reports
as email attachment to
Email :
Call: +91 9029304141 (10 am. To 8 pm. IST)
(Only for international patients seeking treatment in India)

Worried for your back pain, take a free second opinion – click here

Request Information

Gender :


For a detailed evaluation send patient’s medical reports / X rays / doctors notes to

Group Website

Find Us On
Bookmark and Share

Are there any hidden costs like taxes, surcharge, diagnostic fees, doctor's consultation charges etc. ?

The estimate we give you includes all such charges.

We Care
  Paypal We accept Visa/Mater/ Amex

© 2009-2010 We Care Health Services. All rights reserved.

This information is not designed to replace a physician's independent judgment about the appropriateness or risks of a procedure for a given patient.
Always consult your doctor about your medical conditions or back problem. We Care Health Services does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use of the site is conditional upon your acceptance of our Terms and Conditions is a member of the medical tourism information network

Spinal Anatomy Back Pain, Low Back Pain Anatomy, Lumbar Spinal Anatomy, Anatomy Back Pain India, Back Pain Treatment hospitals India, Back Pain spine surgeons India Mumbai, Back Pain, Back Pain, Lower Back Pain, Herniated Disc, Backache Diagnosis Of Back Pain, Spinal Anatomy, Spinal Anatomy, Lumbar Spine, Spine Anatomy Mumbai, Back Pain, Back Anatomy, Spine, Spinal Cord, Back Pain Incidence, Muscle Pain, Neck Pain, Muscle Strain, Lumbar Spine, Pinched Nerve Mumbai, Herniated Disc, Cervical Spine, Nerve Root, Erector Spine, Spinal Cord Mumbai, Lumbar Spine, Back Muscle, Thoracic Spine, Backbone Mumbai, Vertebrae, Discs, Spinal, Sacrum, Coccyx, Mumbai Delhi Bangalore Chennai Hyderabad Thoracic Lumbar Cervical, Sacroiliac Joint, Pain, Low Back Pain Mumbai, Lower, Back, Anatomy, Bones Structure, Back Pain spine surgeons India Mumbai, Muscles, Joints, Anesthetics Mumbai, Annulus Fibrosis, Anomaly, Blood, Brain, Central Nervous System, Cerebrospinal, Cervical, Congenital, Degeneration, Dura Mater, Endplates, Epidural Space, Facet Joints, Fluid, Inferior Mumbai, Inflammation Mumbai, Intervertebral Discs, Slipped Disc, Nerves, Bones